Lion Gardiner

M, b. circa 1599, d. 1663
     Lion was born circa 1599 at England.1 He married Mary Dirksdr Deurcant before 1635 at Worden, Holland.2,3
     
     
      Lion Gardiner

     
     
      Lion Gardiner
lived in one of the grand epochs of modern times; that which witnessed the rise of the Republic in Holland, the establishment of the Commonwealth in England, and the colonization of the Puritans in New England. He was born in the days of Queen Elizabeth, the House of Sturart. In the struggle between the King and Parliament, he adhered to the Parliament party; was a dissenter, and friend of the Puritans.
     
      Volunteering to maintain the Republican standard in Holland, he went thither with English allies under Lord Vere in the time of Charles I. Here he became Lieutenant of Engineers and Master of works of Fortification in the legers of the Prince of Orange in the Low Countries. While there, eminent Puritans, acting for a company of Lords and gentlemen approached him with an offer to go to New England in company with John Winthrop Jr. build a Fort with houses for men of Quality expecting to settle there, and lay out a town on the new plantation in project at the mouth of Connecticut River. The offer was accepted through the persuasion of Hugh Peters, pastor of a Church of English exiles at Rotterdam, and John Davenport a dissenting minister from London. He was to receive 100 pounds per annum for a term of four years, himself and family furnished transportation, and subsistence, to the place of destination, to serve the company only in the drawing, ordering and making of a city, town and Fort of defence, under direction of John Winthrop the younger.
     
      On 10 July 1635 Lion Gardiner left Worden, taking passage at Rotterdam for London, and on 16 August set sail for New England, being 3 months and 10 days from Gravesend to Boston. Early in 1636 the good ship "Batchelor" of twenty-five tons, which had carried himself and family safely from Holland to England and across the Atlantic, through many tempests, bore them safely to their destination. The passengers are mentioned as 12 men and 2 women with freight for the construction of the Fort. Iorn work for two drawbridges; consisting of 62 staples, 40 staple hooks for Port-cullis, 4 chains, 10 boults, 4 plates, 8 chain-clasps, 4 under-hinges, 23 1/2 yards of red flagg-stuff, small lines and a wheel-barrow are mentioned. Lieutenant Gardiners household consisted of himself aged 36, his wife Mary aged 34, Elizabeth Collett, maid servant age 23, and William Jope workmaster aged 40, who all brought certificates from a Calvinistic church in Holland.
     
      With the men and means at his command, a Fort of square hewn timber, with ditch and palisade, was soon consturcted; that could not be successfully assailed by approaches on firm ground. After commanding the fortress for four years, laying out into squares the entire acreage within the Neck-Gate, perambulating and surveying the country fro ten miles around, balzing trees and setting up mere-stones to mark the town-boundry, Lion Gardiner of trading closth from the Montauk Indians, an island laying adjacent to what is now the town of Easthampton on Long Island and which now bears his nam, he removed thither with his family; taking soldiers from the Fort to defend, and being under cultivation the 3000 acres his purchase comprised. It was the earliest English settlement within the limits of present State of New York.
     
      In Wyandance, a younger brother of the grand Sachem who lived on Shelter Island, he found a trusted friend. Gardiners Island being open to Indian depredations without such an ally, would have been a more hazardous spot than Saybrook Fort menace by 700 Pequot warriors. By such friendly relations, he was able to foil conspiracies against English settlements of older date. After 13 years on the Island, he removed to East-Hampton, where he died in 1656 aged 63 years. The Island which he gave to his wife, she bequeathed to her eldest son David; "en-tail" to the first male heirs following forever. Right to the Island was confirmed by grant from the Earl of Sterling, whose patent included territory in which it was embraced, after the islands of the Sound passed to New Netherlands. Under the grant, David Gardiner could make such laws as he pleased, for civil and church government; if "according to God and King."
     
      In 1664, the English having dispossed the Dutch at New Netherlands, Gardiner obtained from Governor Nichols a new grant, for a quitrent of 5 pounds a year. In 1683, the Island was attached to the County of Suffolk for taxable purposes. David Gardiner feeling aggrieved, petioned the Governor for relief; praying for an Independent Jurisdiction for the Island. Governor Dougans confirmatory grant, created the Island in 1686, "One Lordship and Manor of Gardiners Island". Practically this did not change anything, as the Island was created a Manor by the Earl of Sterlings grant to Davids frather Lion Gardiner. The original document conferring this title, with the unique seal of the Province, is a trophy still preserved; also the Geneva Bible with its family record in Lion Gardiners handwritting. Thus the early proprietors were authorized to call themselves "American Lords."
     
     




Lion died in 1663 at East Hampton, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York.4

Children of Lion Gardiner and Mary Dirksdr Deurcant

Citations

  1. [S88] NY Gen. & Biog. Rec., NY Gen & Bio. Soc. , v. 42 pg 212, v. 50 pg. 18, v. pg 14.
  2. [S141] Long Island Families, Hoff, Henry B. , v. 1 pg 364,.
  3. [S170] NE Marriages Prior, Torrey, Clarence A. , pg 293.
  4. [S88] NY Gen. & Biog. Rec., NY Gen & Bio. Soc. , vol 42 pg 212, vol 50 pg 18.

Mary Dirksdr Deurcant

F, b. circa 1601, d. 1655
     Mary was born circa 1601 at Worden, Holland.1 She was the daughter of Dirck Willemsz Deurcant and Haechgen Bastiaens. She married Lion Gardiner before 1635 at Worden, Holland.2,3 Mary died in 1655 at East Hampton, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York.3

Children of Mary Dirksdr Deurcant and Lion Gardiner

Citations

  1. [S141] Long Island Families, Hoff, Henry B. , v. 1 pg 364.
  2. [S141] Long Island Families, Hoff, Henry B. , v. 1 pg 364,.
  3. [S170] NE Marriages Prior, Torrey, Clarence A. , pg 293.

Dirck Willemsz Deurcant

M, d. before 1605
      The name Duercant, in its variety of spelling, is mentioned in the records as early as 1418, for on 27 February of that year Willem Duercant attaches his own seal to a document in behalf of the sheriff of "Gherwerscoep" (about 4 miles N.E. of Woerden in the province of Utrecht) who possibly had no seal of his own. This seal has Willem b. Duercant's name on it, and shows a fess and in chief a label with three points. During the following century another Willem Duercant is mentioned on 6 June 1519 a a landgenoot (landowner)in the landcourt district of Naaldwijk, 12 miles W.N.w. of Rotterdam, in a charter in the same collection as above. And about 50 years later there must have been again another Willem Duercant, whose son Dirck Willemsz. Duercant (the father of Lion Gardiner's wife) was in 1603 schepen at Woerden. According to the Orphan Chamber record Willem Duercant had tow other sons besides Dirck, viz. Pieter and Elbert Duercant.
     
      The parents of Lion Gardiner's belonged to the magistrate families of the small city of Woerden, at that time in the Province of Utrecht, at present in South Holland. Dirck was a schepen there in 1603 but died prior to 7 October 1607. His wife Haechje Bastiaens had a brother Pons Gerritsz.
     
     



He married Haechgen Bastiaens before 1601 at Holland.1 Dirck died before 1605 at Holland.2

Child of Dirck Willemsz Deurcant and Haechgen Bastiaens

Citations

  1. [S141] Long Island Families, Hoff, Henry B. , v.1 pg 364.
  2. [S141] Long Island Families, Hoff, Henry B. , v.1 pg 365.

Haechgen Bastiaens

F
     Haechgen died. Haechgen was born.1 She married Dirck Willemsz Deurcant before 1601 at Holland.1

Child of Haechgen Bastiaens and Dirck Willemsz Deurcant

Citations

  1. [S141] Long Island Families, Hoff, Henry B. , v.1 pg 364.

John Gardiner

M, b. 10 April 1661, d. 25 June 1738
     
      "Cloth of Gold"

     
     
      It is a well authenticated fact that on or about 27 June 1699, Captain William Kidd, of pirate fame, visited Gardiner's Island. then in possession of it 3rd proprietor, John Gardiner (3) (grandson of Lion); and that, in exchange for certain supplies furnished him, Captain Kidd gave to John and his wife presents of cloth of various sorts, and placed in John Gardiners care, to be subsequently called for by Kidd, several bales and boxes containing gold, silver, jewels, and cloth of various sorts. After the arrest of Captain Kidd, John Gardiner reported to the government authorities the existence of this deposit, and subsequently turned it over to a government committee appointed to receive the same and took their formal reciept therefor.
     
     
      Among the gifts presented to John Gardiner and his wife Mary King was undoubtedly the "Cloth of Gold" (or "Kidd Blanket") which on account of the incidents attached to its acquisition became an heirloom in the family; and this heirloom, by the varying influences of family history, has passed from the possession of those bearing the Gardiner name and is now in the possession of the heirs of the late Mrs. Joseph Hobson, of Washington, D.C..
     
     
      It has also been said that the wife of John Gardiner Mary King was requested to roast a pig for Captain Kidd. She being afraid to refuse him, cooked it very nice, and he was much pleased with it, he then made her a present of this silk ("Cloth of Gold"), which she gave to her daughters. Which is true, whether it is in being; we know not; but this was handed down through the generations.
     
     


John was born on 10 April 1661.1 He was the son of David Gardiner and Mary Herringman. John died on 25 June 1738 at Groton, Connecticut, at age 77.2

Citations

  1. [S88] NY Gen. & Biog. Rec., NY Gen & Bio. Soc. , v.42 pg 213.
  2. [S88] NY Gen. & Biog. Rec., NY Gen & Bio. Soc. , v. 42 pg 213.

Lion Gardiner

M, d. 23 September 1723
     Lion was born.1 He was the son of David Gardiner and Mary Herringman. Lion died on 23 September 1723.2

Citations

  1. [S88] NY Gen. & Biog. Rec., NY Gen & Bio. Soc. , v.42 pg 213.
  2. [S146] Southold Connections, Jacobson, Judy , pg 27.

Mary Gardiner

F, b. 10 August 1638, d. after 1727/28
     Mary was born on 10 August 1638 at Saybrook, Connecticut.1 She was the daughter of Lion Gardiner and Mary Dirksdr Deurcant. Mary died after 1727/28.1

Citations

  1. [S146] Southold Connections, Jacobson, Judy , pg 27.

Elizabeth Gardiner

F, b. 14 September 1641, d. 1664
     Elizabeth was born on 14 September 1641 at Isle of Wright.1 She was the daughter of Lion Gardiner and Mary Dirksdr Deurcant. Elizabeth died in 1664.1

Citations

  1. [S146] Southold Connections, Jacobson, Judy , pg 27.

Samuel Hudson

M, b. June 1727, d. 7 October 1738
     Samuel was born in June 1727. He was the son of Samuel Hudson and Grizzle L'hommedieu. Samuel died on 7 October 1738 at age 11.

Nathaniel Hudson

M, b. 1729, d. 26 May 1735
     Nathaniel was born in 1729. He was the son of Samuel Hudson and Grizzle L'hommedieu. Nathaniel died on 26 May 1735.

Sarah Hudson

M, d. 10 February 1789
     Sarah Hudson was the son of Samuel Hudson and Grizzle L'hommedieu. Sarah died on 10 February 1789.

Elizabeth Hudson

F, b. 10 November 1733, d. 21 September 1738
     Elizabeth was born on 10 November 1733. She was the daughter of Samuel Hudson and Grizzle L'hommedieu. Elizabeth died on 21 September 1738 at age 4.

Henry Hudson

M, b. 1735, d. 3 March 1815
     Henry was born in 1735. He was the son of Samuel Hudson and Grizzle L'hommedieu. Henry died on 3 March 1815.

Nathaniel Hudson

M, d. 1800
     Nathaniel Hudson was the son of Samuel Hudson and Grizzle L'hommedieu. Nathaniel died in 1800.

Samuel Hudson

M, b. 1738, d. 7 March 1812
     Samuel was born in 1738. He was the son of Samuel Hudson and Grizzle L'hommedieu. Samuel died on 7 March 1812.

John Hudson

M, d. 4 October 1755
     John Hudson was the son of Samuel Hudson and Grizzle L'hommedieu. John died on 4 October 1755.

Mary Green

F
     Mary was born.1,2 She married Thomas Griggs on 26 August 1640.3,4

Citations

  1. [S69] Woodstock, CT, Bowen, Clarence W. , pg 99,.
  2. [S79] Pioneers of MA, Pope, Charles Henry , pg 201.
  3. [S79] Pioneers of MA, Pope, Charles Henry , pg 201,.
  4. [S69] Woodstock, CT, Bowen, Clarence W. , pg 99.

John Griggs

M, b. 1623
     John was born in 1623.1 He was the son of Thomas Griggs and Mary (?) (?)

Citations

  1. [S69] Woodstock, CT, Bowen, Clarence W. , pg 99.

Joseph Griggs

M, b. 1625
     Joseph was born in 1625.1 He was the son of Thomas Griggs and Mary (?) (?)

Citations

  1. [S69] Woodstock, CT, Bowen, Clarence W. , pg 99.

Henry Raynsford

M, d. circa 1469
     Henry was born.1,2
     
     
      Henry Raynsford of Oxfordshire, died shortly before 3 May, 9 Edward IV [1469] when a writ of diem clausit extremum was issued(Calendar of Fine rolls: Edward IV & Henry VI, 1461-1471, 20:246). He acquired the manor of Tew Magna, or Great Tew, in Oxfordshire through marriage with Elizabeth Wilcotes, daughter and co-heiress of John Wilcotes Wilcotes of Tew Magna by his second wife Elizabeth Cheney. Elizabeth Wilcotes, aged nine in 1422 according to her father's inquisition post mortem, received the manor of Tew Magna by her father's will of 11 April 1422, and through her mother provides Raynsford descendants with lines to such pre-Conquest worthies as William de Mandeville, William de Say, and Hugh Maminot.
     
     
      Proof of the claim that Henry Raynsford was "of Rainsford Hall, Lancashire" has not been seen. He is probably the man who, with others exchanged London properties on 25 April and 26 May, 17 Henry VI [1439] and on 14 December, 19 Henry VI [1440] (Calendar of Close rolls: Henry VI, 1435-1441, 3:259, 260, 267, 445). On 16 April 1442 a complaint of intrusion against Henry Reynford was brought by John, Earl of Huntingdon; Thomas Grey, Knight; Thomas Catworth and Thomas Knolles, grocers; Thomas Mulso, esquire; and Thomas Bevys, gentleman, touching their free tenement in the parish of St. Martin in the Vintry, London (Calendar of Plea and Memoranda Rolls preserved among the archives of the corporation of the City of London at the Guildhall, AD 1437-1457, ed. Philip E. Jones, p. 46 "Roll A69"). Henry Raynsford was among those receiving lands from Thomas Middleton on 22 April 1448 and who on the same date granted william Melborn and William Brown a charter with warranty, of all his lands, rents, services, etc., in the town and fields of Hadlegh Castle, co. Essex, which he had by demise and ferffment of Thomas Burgoyn and of John Wade, citizen and grocer of London (Calendar of Close Rolls: Henry VI, 5:51, 67). On 1 July, 3 Edward IV [1463] Henry Reynford, Richard Quartermayns, William Marmyon, Richard Danvers, and Thomas Stonour received commissions of justice of peace for Oxfordshire.
     
     



He married Elizabeth Wilcotes.3 Henry died circa 1469.

Children of Henry Raynsford and Elizabeth Wilcotes

Citations

  1. [S181] Journal of American , vol 28 pg 90;.
  2. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol. 139 pg 228.
  3. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 138 pg 228.

Elizabeth Wilcotes

F
     Elizabeth was born.1 She married Henry Raynsford.2

Children of Elizabeth Wilcotes and Henry Raynsford

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 228.
  2. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 138 pg 228.

William Raynsford

M, d. 5 August 1487
     William was born.1
     
     
      William Raynsford, esquire, of Oxford and Berkshire, per writ of diem clausit extremum issued 13 October, 3 Henry VII [1487], died 5 August, 1487 according to his inquisiton post mortem of 29 October, 3 Henry VII [1487], which determined he held the Manor of Great Tew, Oxford, of the Prior of Bradenstoke, service unknown, and that his son and heir was John Raynford, aged 13 and more.
     
     

He was the son of Henry Raynsford and Elizabeth Wilcotes. He married Ayce Anne.2 William died on 5 August 1487 at in Manor of Great Tew Oxford, England.1

Children of William Raynsford and Ayce Anne

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 228.
  2. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 230.

John Raynsford

M
     John was born.1 He was the son of Henry Raynsford and Elizabeth Wilcotes. He resided, at Knightwich and Suckley, England, on 5 April 1481.2

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 228.
  2. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 229.

Ayce Anne

F, d. circa 1487
     She married William Raynsford.1 Ayce was born.1 She was the daughter of John Anne. Ayce died circa 1487.1

Children of Ayce Anne and William Raynsford

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 230.

John Anne

M, d. circa 1451
     He married Alice Aston.1 He married Alice Gifford.1 John died circa 1451.1

Child of John Anne

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 230.

Alice Aston

F
     She married John Anne.1 Alice was born at Somerton, county Oxfordshire, England.1

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 230.

Alice Gifford

F
     She married John Anne.1 Alice was born at Twyforde, county Buckinghamshire, Engalnd.1

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 230.

John Raynsford

M, b. circa 1474, d. 1551
     John was born circa 1474.1 He was the son of William Raynsford and Ayce Anne. He married Alice Danvers before 1504.1 John died in 1551.1

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 230.

William Raynsford

M, d. before 1543
     William Raynsford was the son of William Raynsford and Ayce Anne. William died before 1543.1

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 230.

Henry Raynsford

M
     Henry was born.1 He was the son of William Raynsford and Ayce Anne.

Citations

  1. [S70] NEHGR, "unknown short article title", vol 139 pg 230.